The wildlife sanctuary was designated a National Park in 2002 and serves as a elephant corridor for migrating Elephants from Minneriya and Wasgamuwa National Parks in the north central and the Somawathiya National Park in the north east regions.
What is the best time to visit and go safari in Kaudulla National Park
Best time to go safari in Kaudulla National Park is from July to August where the natural phenomenon of “The gathering” takes place. In these months, nearly 100 to 300 Elephants gather near the lakes of Kaudulla and Minneriya National Parks for water. It is a rare occurrence in the whole world to see such a large herds of Elephants. You may also note that July and August are the most crowded months of Kaudulla National Park. From Mid-September to end December it can be rainy but this does not disturb the game viewing. Your safari driver will decide whether to go to Minneriya or Kaudulla depending on the movements of the Elephants as both parks are interconnected.
How to get in to Kaudulla National Park?
Kaudulla National Park, 6,900 hectares in extent, is one of the more recently established National Parks in Sri Lanka. It is situated 197 km from the City of Colombo, in the North Central Province, just 30km away from Polonnaruwa.
How to Explore Kaudulla National Park?
Only mean of visiting Kaudulla National Park is by a Jeep safari. An experienced Jeep safari driver will ensure you are at the right place on right time for best game viewing opportunities.
Opening times of Kaudulla National Park
Kaudulla National Park is opened from 6 AM to 6 PM every day of the year.
Wildlife of Kaudulla National Park?
Kaudulla is historically important as it is one of the famed 16 irrigation tanks built by King Mahasen. The park mainly consists of a mix of dry scrub forest and grasslands. The tank which dominates the background of the Park is an important meeting place for hundreds of species of wildlife which popularly includes hundreds of Elephants who come to water at the reservoir, especially during the dry seasons. Others include 24 species of mammals such as Sambar deer, Axis deer, Monkeys, Wild boar, Chevrotain, Sloth bear and the more elusive Leopard and Grey slender loris. Birdlife International has recognized Kaudula National Park as an important bird area, where 160 of species of birds have been identified; some of them are Spot-billed pelican, Lesser adjutant, Asian spoonbill, Grey-headed fish eagle, Black-headed ibis, Painted and open-billed storks, Peacock and the Giant eagle. However the photographer’s favourite are the thousands of pelicans flocked together enjoying the water at sunset. Also identified here are 26 species of fish which include Oreochromis mossambicus, 25 species of reptiles; Freshwater turtles such as the Indian Flap-shelled turtle and Indian black turtle and an endemic species of amphibian - Fejervaryapulla.
Visitors also have the opportunity to take a memorable paddle boat ride across the reservoir, an excellent means of observing birds at close range.