Wild Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) can be witnessed in plenty at the waterholes in the National Parks around the country. They are massive in stature sometimes six feet tall at the shoulders, an adult male weighing between 700 – 1200 kg with the female weighing a little less. Both the male and female possess horns, the female has longer horns and the male broader and stronger horns that grow throughout their lives. These horns are very useful in fighting off predators, especially leopard.
The Wild Water Buffalo is native to the Indian Subcontinent and South East Asia. This magnificent creature has been listed as endangered in the IUCN Red List since 1986 with less 4000 animals remaining, of which 2,500 are mature individuals.
They can be seen cooling off in large waterholes and swamps where they also find their main source of food, flourishing grass and other water plants. It will also be observed that many types of birds, especially the Egrets and Herons hovering around the Buffalo or riding on its back while picking out the parasites.